Just to add to the Gadson/Withers mention, Gadson plays the heck out of those grooves on the Carnegie hall album ("Ain't No Sunshine" and "Use Me" specifically), but Al Jackson was the drummer on "Ain't No Sunshine" in the studio. Gadson did play on the original of "Use Me" and of course "Kissing My Love" . . . Jim Gordon is also a master of this, check out this one:
This is the granddaddy of one-handed 16th grooves. Much of it is not just a 2 and 4 backbeat, so that ups the ante in terms of difficulty, but you can really hear Clyde Stubblefield using the tip of the stick on the top of the hats, rather than the shoulder/tip, edge/top sound. I'm sure he's using some form of Moeller pumping motion to make this happen, but at this tempo it needs to be very compact. If you can make it through this whole tune, without your arm falling off, you can make it through just about any tune.
Of course, as others have mentioned, James Gadson is a master of the one-handed 16th groove. Check out Bill Withers Live at Carnegie Hall for several great examples.
And the fact that's it really a drum machine for the hats, and then a snare hits as another track....I end up doing a syncopated beat on the hats with a lot of ghost notes on the snare to get the feel for that one. There's no real good way to replicate the studio version live, as even Tears for Fears has a back track for the hi hat rhythm during live shows.I've been working on the Tears for Fears song Everybody Wants to Rule the World; that one's easy to mess up the tempo and groove.
I think the secret is to save it for slower tempos, like ballads. After a certain speed, it seems to lose something (and let's face it, 8th and 1/4's make life a lot easier at that point).Playing 16th notes with speed and endurance on the hats with just my right hand is something I've struggled with. I get by most of the time using the two-handed technique, but there is a difference and sometimes it matters to the feel of the song (like a James Gadson groove).
So please share some tips or videos of techniques for building up speed.