Sure. I use a 12” maple/walnut shell tuned high and a 12” Club Custom tuned medium low and this is for louder rock type music. Experimenting with using different heads along with the different tunings can get a nice spread in tone between the two same diameter shells.
I've had a Rogers Top Hat kit for years now, with two 12" rack toms and that kit is incredible. You can easily tune the two toms to different pitches and get a whole array of tones out of the kit. No problems whatsoever in that!
Ludwigs first Hollywood kits , early 60’s pre serial came with 2 /12’s on top of the 22 , no problem getting even thirds or fourths.
My Rogers Londoner has 2 /13’s
Same deal , tuning no prob. The 13 sounds really good with a higher tuning. My ocd prefers the even and balanced look of same size toms
Of all the sizes available for this I think the 12 reigns supreme. Most of them have quite a decent range; so what if one batter is tighter than the other. I do this with varied size toms to get more spread.